How can you design fair, yet challenging, exams that accurately gauge student learning? Here are some general guidelines. There are also many resources, in print and on the web, that offer strategies for designing particular kinds of exams, such as multiple-choice.
Should you assign essay questions on your exams? Problem sets? Multiple-choice questions? It depends on your learning objectives.
For example, if you want students to articulate or justify an economic argument, then multiple-choice questions are a poor choice because they do not require students to articulate anything. If your goal is for students to match technical terms to their definitions, essay questions may not be as efficient a means of assessment as a simple matching task. There is no single best type of exam question: the important thing is that the questions reflect your learning objectives. Identify which course objectives the exam addresses e.
This helps students see how the components of the course align, reassures them about their ability to perform well assuming they have done the required workand activates relevant experiences and knowledge from earlier in the course.
Make sure that students know exactly what you want them to do. Be more explicit about your expectations than you may think is necessary. Otherwise, students may make assumptions that run them into trouble. For example, they may assume — perhaps based on experiences in another course — that an in-class exam is open book or that they can collaborate with classmates on a take-home exam, which you may not allow. Preferably, you should articulate these expectations to students before they take the exam as well as in the exam instructions.
You also might want to explain in your instructions how fully you want students to answer questions for example, to specify if you want answers to be written in paragraphs or bullet points or if you want students to show all steps in problem-solving.
Instructions can prepare students for what they are about to be asked by previewing the format of the exam, including question type and point value e. This helps students use their time more effectively during the exam. Avoid complex and convoluted sentence constructions, double negatives, and idiomatic language that may be difficult for students, especially international students, to understand.
A True B False 5 Duration is only related to maturity of the bond and its coupon rate.
A True B False 7 The higher the coupon payment of a bond relative to its maturity payment, the shorter the weighted average life of the payout. A True B False 8 The duration formula utilizes the present value concepts and is the same as computing the internal rate of return on an investment.
A True B False 9 Generally speaking, duration increases as bond maturity increase, assuming market interest rates stay the same. A True B False 10 Bond price sensitivity is more related to the maturity date of the bond than to its weighted average life.
A True B False Multiple Choice Quiz 11 The value of a bond may be expressed as the sum of A the interest payments and the maturity value B the present value of the par value and the present value of the sum of the interest payments. C the present value of the maturity value and the sum of the present values of the interest payments. D none of the above. B the market rate of interest. C the coupon rate. D all of the above. C a zero coupon. Log In You must be a registered user to view the premium content in this website.
If you already have a username and password, enter it below. If your textbook came with a card and this is your first visit to this site, you can use your registration code to register. Username: Password: Forgot your password? Drawer speed:. Notes What is this? Add a note 1. Multiple Choice Quiz See related pages. The correct answer for each question is indicated by a. If market interest rates increased, one would expect a bond's duration to decrease.
The duration on zero coupon bonds always equals the bond's maturity. The longer the duration of a bond, the more sensitive it is to changes in interest rates.
The difference between simple weighted average life and duration is that the former uses the stated values of cash flows whereas the latter uses their present values.Any person who is morally righteous is always free to judge or condemn one who is guilty of.
A radical philosopher, Friedrich Neitzche says that, without God everything is possible. Moreover, we can go beyond the values of Christianity and other similar faith into the level of. The classical principle necessarily starts from manmade or naturally endowed forms first apprehended by. All experiences of beauty provide pleasure. All pleasures derived from beauty are universal in character. Therefore, all experiences od beauty are universal in character.
Education Question Bank – 350 MCQs on "Philosophical Foundations of Education" – Part 1
Our Customers Testimonials. Case Studies Whitepapers Webinars. Partnerships Become a Reseller Become an Affiliate. Values Education Online Test. Moreover, we can go beyond the values of Christianity and other similar faith into the level of The Golden Rule is based on The classical principle necessarily starts from manmade or naturally endowed forms first apprehended by By their very nature, values statements are All experiences of beauty provide pleasure.
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Explore Similar Courses.Another way to answer the question is to remember that the distance between two numbers on the number line is equal to the absolute value of the difference of the two numbers. For which of the following functions g, defined for all numbers x, does the graph of g intersect the graph of f? You can see that all five choices are linear functions whose graphs are lines with various slopes and y -intercepts.
It is clear that this line will not intersect the graph of f to the left of the y -axis. To the right of the y -axis, the graph of f is a line with slope 2, which is greater than slope 1. Consequently, as the value of x increases, the value of y increases faster for f than for gand therefore the graphs do not intersect to the right of the y -axis.
Choice B is similarly ruled out. Note that if the y -intercept of either of the lines in Choices A and B were greater than or equal to 4 instead of less than 4, they would intersect the graph of f. Choices C and D are lines with slope 2 and y -intercepts less than 4.
Hence, they are parallel to the graph of f to the right of the y -axis and therefore will not intersect it. Any line with a slope greater than 2 and a y -intercept less than 4, like the line in Choice E, will intersect the graph of f to the right of the y -axis.
The correct answer is Choice E. Approximately what was the cost, in dollars, of the gasoline used in driving the car miles? Scanning the answer choices indicates that you can do at least some estimation and still answer confidently.
You can also use the calculator to compute a more exact answer and then round the answer to the nearest 10 dollars, as suggested by the answer choices.
A certain jar contains 60 jelly beans — 22 white, 18 green, 11 yellow, 5 red, and 4 purple. If a jelly bean is to be chosen at random, what is the probability that the jelly bean will be neither red nor purple? Thus the correct answer is Choice D, 0. The official practice tests from the maker of the test gives you the experience of taking the real, computer-delivered GRE General Test and more! ETS Account. Introduction Sample Questions.Business, politics and private life share the same ethics as part of a moral community.
The responsibility of an organisation to fulfil its economic, social and environmental obligations to all of its stakeholders. It is ecocentric, eco-effective with 5Rs — rethink, reinvent, redesign, redirect and recover. Beliefs or guiding principles that are core to the organisation and help steer the right actions. Skip to main content.
40 MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS IN BASIC STATISTICS
Multiple Choice Quiz. What do we mean by ethics? Moral judgements Determinants of what is right or wrong Rules or standards governing a profession Elements of all of the above. Answer: d. Elements of all of the above. Which statement best describes ethics in business?How To Cheat On Some Online Multiple Choice Tests
Business is outside the realm of ethical enquiry and morally neutral or amoral Ethics in business do exist but differ from ethics in other spheres and may appear amoral in other spheres Business, politics and private life share the same ethics as part of a moral community None of the above.
What are Human Rights? Special privileges awarded to criminals and prisoners What the European Parliament decides is right Rights listed in the UN Declaration of Human Rights Rules designed to frustrate legal proceedings. Answer: c. Which of the following is not a recognised form of organisational justice? Procedural justice Interactional justice Shareholder justice Distributive justice. Shareholder justice. Stakeholders are the individuals or groups who: Are the shareholders in key competitors Determine the strategy of the organisation Dominate the operational issues in the organisation Have an interest or concern in the activities of an organisation.
Have an interest or concern in the activities of an organisation. What do we mean by Corporate Social Responsibility? The responsibility of an organisation to use its resources solely to increase profits The responsibility of an organisation to fulfil its economic, social and environmental obligations to all of its stakeholders The responsibility of an organisation to donate any excess profits to charities and community organisations The responsibility of an organisation to protect the environment at all costs.
Why is the sustainability debate so important? Because it is inclusive of all species Because it excludes some species Because it is specifically about organisation survival Because it relates only to human beings. Because it is inclusive of all species. What are some of the elements of a transformational sustainability strategy? It is ecocentric, eco-efficient, with 5Rs — rethink, reinvent, redesign, redirect and recover It is anthropocentric, eco-effective, with 5Rs — rethink, reinvent, redesign, redirect and recover It is ecocentric, eco-effective with 5Rs — reduce, reuse, repair, recycle and regulate It is ecocentric, eco-effective with 5Rs — rethink, reinvent, redesign, redirect and recover.
What are Organisational Values? Answer: b. Because of the responsibilities that HRM has for the key processes and practices in an organisation Because of the HRM role in promoting fairness and justice in an organisation Because of the ethical component set out in HRM professional standards and codes of conduct All of the above. All of the above.Cite this guide: Brame, C. Multiple choice test questions, also known as items, can be an effective and efficient way to assess learning outcomes.
Multiple choice test items have several potential advantages:. Versatility: Multiple choice test items can be written to assess various levels of learning outcomes, from basic recall to application, analysis, and evaluation. Because students are choosing from a set of potential answers, however, there are obvious limits on what can be tested with multiple choice items.
Reliability: Reliability is defined as the degree to which a test consistently measures a learning outcome. The reliability is enhanced when the number of MC items focused on a single learning objective is increased.
In addition, the objective scoring associated with multiple choice test items frees them from problems with scorer inconsistency that can plague scoring of essay questions.
Validity: Validity is the degree to which a test measures the learning outcomes it purports to measure. Because students can typically answer a multiple choice item much more quickly than an essay question, tests based on multiple choice items can typically focus on a relatively broad representation of course material, thus increasing the validity of the assessment. The key to taking advantage of these strengths, however, is construction of good multiple choice items. A multiple choice item consists of a problem, known as the stem, and a list of suggested solutions, known as alternatives.
The alternatives consist of one correct or best alternative, which is the answer, and incorrect or inferior alternatives, known as distractors. The stem should be meaningful by itself and should present a definite problem. A stem that presents a definite problem allows a focus on the learning outcome. The stem should not contain irrelevant materialwhich can decrease the reliability and the validity of the test scores Haldyna and Downing The stem should be negatively stated only when significant learning outcomes require it.
Students often have difficulty understanding items with negative phrasing Rodriguez If a significant learning outcome requires negative phrasing, such as identification of dangerous laboratory or clinical practices, the negative element should be emphasized with italics or capitalization. The stem should be a question or a partial sentence. A question stem is preferable because it allows the student to focus on answering the question rather than holding the partial sentence in working memory and sequentially completing it with each alternative Statman The cognitive load is increased when the stem is constructed with an initial or interior blank, so this construction should be avoided.
All alternatives should be plausible. The function of the incorrect alternatives is to serve as distractors,which should be selected by students who did not achieve the learning outcome but ignored by students who did achieve the learning outcome. Common student errors provide the best source of distractors. Alternatives should be stated clearly and concisely.
Alternatives should be mutually exclusive. Alternatives should be homogenous in content. Alternatives that are heterogeneous in content can provide cues to student about the correct answer. Alternatives should be free from clues about which response is correct. Sophisticated test-takers are alert to inadvertent clues to the correct answer, such differences in grammar, length, formatting, and language choice in the alternatives.
In either case, students can use partial knowledge to arrive at a correct answer. The alternatives should be presented in a logical order e.
The number of alternatives can vary among items as long as all alternatives are plausible. Plausible alternatives serve as functional distractors, which are those chosen by students that have not achieved the objective but ignored by students that have achieved the objective. There is little difference in difficulty, discrimination, and test score reliability among items containing two, three, and four distractors.Moore: Principia Ethica selections. Ross: The Right and the Good. Ayer: Language, Truth, And Logic.
Hare: Freedom and Reason. Anscombe: Modern Moral Philosophy.
Multiple Choice Self-Quiz
Mackie: Ethics: Inventing Right and Wrong. John Rawls: A Theory of Justice selections. David Gauthier: Why Contractarianism? Joel Feinberg: Psychological Egoism.
Onora O'Neill: Consistency in Action. Richard B. Bernard Williams: A Critique of Utilitarianism. Gilbert Harman: The Nature of Morality selections. Nicholas L. Sturgeon: Moral Explanations. Susan Wolf: Moral Saints. Thomas Nagel: Moral Luck. Study Questions. Contact Your Sales Rep. Higher Education Comment Card. According to Held, nature has traditionally been associated with:. Held claims that traditional moral theory has largely ignored the morally significant relationship of:.
According to psychologists such as Carol Gilligan, the moral reasoning of women:.
Held argues that the very center of our moral and social thought ought to be concerned with the flourishing of:. Held criticizes the philosophers Heyd and Urmson for conceiving of the sacrifices of mothers as:.